|Stature/Height and proportions|
The average height of a man is 1.76 m (5 feet, 9 and one-half inches) and a woman, 1.68 m (5 feet, 6 and one-quarter inches).
Anthropometrically, femur length represents 29% of standing height and tibia length, 80% of femur length.
When there is a discrepancy in limb length, the length of the longer limb generally provides the reference measurement. Treatment consists of limb equalization.
In those with short stature due to dwarfism, the goal is to increase height in order to improve ability to function in daily life. A minimum height of approximately 1.45 m (4 feet, 9 inches) allows an individual to drive a car and reach elevator buttons, for example, so achieving at least this height is necessary.
In those with short stature with no dwarfism (constitutional short stature), cosmetic lengthening can be performed. Here, the goal is to gain height while retaining correct body proportions.
In cosmetics (normal stature), lengthening can be performed for specific and personal reasons. Correct proportions are easier to maintain, as gains are reduced.